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Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India


Ahmedabad, founded in 1411 by Sultan Ahmad Shah on the eastern banks of the Sabarmati, grew larger and wealthier until dynastic decay and anarchy caused a decline and its capture by Akbar in 1572. Its renewed eminence under the Mughals ceased after Aurangzeb's death  in 1707. The British annexed Gujarat in 1818 and the city's first cotton mills were opened in 1859-61. The city grew again and became the largest inland industrial centre in India. It was the temporary capital of Gujarat in 1960, until the state administration shifted to Gandhinagar in 1970. In 2001 the city was rocked by a massive earthquake that killed thousands of people, and in 2002 the city witnessed one of the worst communal riots since the partition; over a thousand people, mostly Muslims, were killed, allegedly with the tacit support of the ruling right wing Hindu nationalist party, BJP.

Ahmedabad's architectural history fuses Hindu, Muslim, and Jain traditions. Ahmad Shah and his successors converted Hindu temples to mosques. This gave many mosques and tombs a Hindu flavor in their form and decoration. The dense "forest" of 260 richly carved columns in the Jumma Masjid (Great Mosque), completed in 1423, recalls the hall of a Hindu temple. At the mosque's entrance is the domed tomb of Ahmad Shah (1441), and on the road leading to it is the Teen Darwaza, or triple arch (c. 1425). Other fine Muslim buildings include the mosque at Rani Sipri's tomb (c.1505) and the exuberantly rich Rani Rupmati mosque (1515). An interesting feature of the old city is its division into pols, or self-contained blocks of houses that shelter thousands of people each and are bounded by gateways. Several wavs, or stepped wells, abound in the city and its vicinity. Ahmedabad's city museum was designed by the architect Le Corbusier. Sabarmati, a suburb west of the river, became well known as the seat of Mahatma Gandhi's ashram.  [Adapted from Encyclopedia Britannica; Apr 06]

Swami Narayan temple (more)

Gunman on temple gateway

Wrestlers on temple gateway

Temple dorm (more)


Priest with layman


Shia Muslim festival (more)


Deformed man


Teen Darwaza


Old city homes


Old city square


Old city buildings


Artwork over doorway


Doshivada ni pol


Old City street


Doshivada ni pol


Window with squirrels


Harkunvar Shethani ni haveli


Large bracket


Street scene


Chabutara, or bird feeder (more)


Wooden balconies


Old quarter buildings


Wooden balconies


Walled city street


Red alert at Shantinath temple


Manek chowk


Beasts of burden


Rani Sipri's tomb


Gateway to Ahmed Shah's tomb (1, 2)


Bracket at Kala Ramji temple


Yet another temple


Kavi Dalpatram chowk


A temple in old city (shrine)


Rani Rupmati mosque (1, 2),


Before a religious procession


"Take my picture please"


Ahmed Shah's mosque


Bhadra fort


Quit India movement


City museum


Courtesan, 12th cent CE


Tazia


Tower near Hathee Singh temple


Dada Hari Wav (1, 2)


Dada Hari Wav


Hathee Singh temple entrance


Hathee Singh temple (1, 2)


Temple courtyard (more)


Jumma Masjid complex


Jumma masjid


Pillared hall (more)


Raised enclosure for women

 

Adalaj Wav (or baoli, a stepped well) 


Steps of the baoli (1, 2)


Wall decor


Pillars with window frame


Mock window frame


Multiple floors (more)


View from the well


Pillar brackets (more)


Bottom of the baoli

 

Gandhi's Sabarmati Ashram

Hridaya Kunj (1, 2)

Inner courtyard (more)

Kitchen

Meeting room


Vinoba kutir, Mira kutir
(more)


Ashram grounds (cricket)


Hot afternoon (entryway)


Sabarmati river (more)


An ashram visitor


Painting at the museum


Painting at the museum


MK Gandhi statue (more)


Dandi march


At his spinning wheel


Presiding at dalit marriage


Marching with other leaders


Ending a fast


"Tragedy of a great soldier"


MK Gandhi


His spinning wheel


MLK Jr. on Gandhi


Toynbee on Gandhi


Aldous Huxley on Gandhi


Albert Einstein on Gandhi

       

 

 
 
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