Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Lucknow, situated on river Gomti, became important in 1528 when it was captured by Babur, the first Mughal ruler of India. Under Akbar, the city became part of Oudh province. Asaf-ud-Dawlah, nawab of Oudh from 1775-97, transferred his capital from Faizabad to Lucknow. Famous for their decay and indolence, the later nawabs were nevertheless great patrons of the arts, especially dance and music. When the Indian Mutiny broke out in 1857, Sir Henry Lawrence, the British commissioner, and the European inhabitants of Lucknow were besieged for several months until rescued by British troops. The British then abandoned the city until the following year, when they regained control over India.

Lucknow contains notable examples of architecture. The Great Imambara (1784) is a single-storied structure where Shiite Muslims assemble during the month of Muharram. The Rumi Darwaza, or Turkish Gate, was modeled (1784) after the Sublime Porte (Bab-iHümayun) in Istanbul. The best-preserved monument is the Residency (1800), the scene of the defense by British troops during the 1857 Mutiny. A memorial commemorating the Indians who died during the uprising was erected in 1957. [Adapted from Encyclopedia Britannica; Mar 06]

Old City gate (more)

Convention center

Lucknow rooftops

Lucknow shining?

Clock tower

Mas ruinas

Globe park

Hall in Baradari area (interior)

Bara Imambara

First gateway

This is the view from inside the Bara Imambara complex

Second gateway (1, 2)

Mosque (1, 2)

Main building (a mausoleum)

First hallway (more)

Domed chamber

Second hallway (1, 2)

Tazia (1, 2)

Bhulbhulaiya (labyrinth)

Long corridor

Long corridor (more)

Rumi Darwaza nearby

Shahi Bauli (well) stairway


Corridor (more)

Naubat Khana outside

"The Naubat Khana, where seven musicians play thrice a day to honour the dead. The largest vaulted roof in Asia, its acoustics are so acute that a whisper from one end of its gallery above the main hall is clearly audible at the other, 162 feet away."

Hussainabad (or Chhota) Imambara

Complex (more)

Main building

Main building


Tazia (more)

First hall

Second hall

Imitation Taj

Lucknow Residency  (plan, info)


In "memory of the devoted native officer and sepoys"

Banquet hall and garden

Banquet hall (more)

Begum Kothi (mosque)

Residency main building

Residency main building

Dr. Fayrer's house (more)

Museum (1, 2)


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