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Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India (Info: 1, 2)


Gwalior is justly famous for at least three things: its imposing fort, Mian Tansen, and the first epigraphic evidence of zero. According to legend, Gwalior began from a meeting between Suraj Sen and the hermit Gwalipa, who lived on the hilltop where the fort stands. The hermit cured Suraj Sen of leprosy with a drink of water from the Suraj Kund, which still remains in the fort. He then gave him a new name, Suhan Pal, and said his descendants would remain in power so long as they kept the name Pal. His next 83 descendants did just that, but number 84 changed his name to Tej Karan and -- you guessed it -- goodbye kingdom.

In 1398 the Tomar dynasty came to power in Gwalior and, over the next few centuries, Gwalior Fort was the scene of continual intrigue and clashes with neighboring powers. In 1516 the fort was besieged and taken by Ibrahim Lodi after a long struggle. Later the Mughals, under Babur, took the fort and held it until 1754, when the Marathas captured it. For the next 50 years the fort changed hands many times, including twice to the British, until it finally passed into the hands of the Scindias, whose royal descendants still live in Gwalior.

During the Indian Uprising in 1857 the maharaja remained loyal to the British but his troops didn't, and in the mid-1858 the fort was the scene of some of the final, and most dramatic, events of the whole Uprising. It was near here that the British finally defeated Tantia Topi and it was in the final assault on the fort that the rani of Jhansi was killed. Gwalior's most famous son of recent times is the former prime minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee.    [- Adapted from Lonely Planet India, 2003; Aug 05]

Tomb of Tansen

Tomb of Tansen

Tomb of Mohammad Ghaus (in)

Kid studying

TombReadingBoy.jpg (137226 bytes)

Old town from fort (1, 2, 3)


Baada, Lashkar (more)


Old town from fort


Town hall, Bād ā, Lashkar


El tempo


Rides in Gwalior mela

MelaRides.jpg (169786 bytes)

Bombay variety show

LovelyBombay.jpg (164702 bytes)

Rani of Jhansi

Gwalior Fort

Pedestrian entrance

Fort entrance ramp


Man Singh Palace (1, 2, 3)


Strongest fort in India?


Diwan-e-khas


Palace courtyard


Music room


Royal bedroom


Swimming room


Bat infested ceiling


Jauhar kund


Palace pillars

FortPalacePillars.jpg (116307 bytes)

Jehangir palace

JehangirPalace.jpg (107153 bytes)

Teli ka Mandir


Teli ka Mandir sculpture


Teli ka Mandir sculpture


Daata bandi chor sikh temple


Inside the sikh temple


Saas-Bahu temple (more)


Saas-Bahu temple


Saas-Bahu temple art


Saas-Bahu temple art


Saas-Bahu temple art


Saas-Bahu temple art


Agni
10th cent. CE, Sihonia, Morena
Fort Museum, Gwalior


Saptmatrikas
10th cent. CE, Surwaya, Shivpuri
Fort Museum, Gwalior


Parvati
11th cent. CE, Sihonia, Morena
Fort Museum, Gwalior


Indra and Agni
10th cent. CE, Surwaya, Shivpuri
Fort Museum, Gwalior

State Archaeology Museum (inside Gujjari Mahal), Jai Vilas Palace, and Scindia Museum


Dancing Ganesha
10th cent. CE, Padhawal, Morena
State Archaeology Museum


Mother and child
10th cent. CE, Bagh-Dhar
State Archaeology Museum


Vaman,
10th cent. CE, Narwar, Shivpuri
State Archaeology Museum


Nayika
10th cent. CE, Sihonia, Morena
State Archaeology Museum


Agni
10th cent. CE, Sihonia, Morena
State Archaeology Museum


Nayika
10th cent. CE, Sihonia, Morena
State Archaeology Museum


Mother and child
7th cent. CE, Badoh, Vidisha
State Archaeology Museum


Dancing Ganesha
10th cent. CE, Padhawal, Morena
State Archaeology Museum


Gujjari mahal, a.k.a ...


... State Archaeology museum


Jai Vilas palace (of the Scindias)


Behind the facade


Durbar hall
Scindia museum, Gwalior


Leda and the swan
Scindia museum, Gwalior


Where the tigers are
Scindia museum, Gwalior


Average room
Scindia museum, Gwalior

       

 

 

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