Memphis, Egypt

Memphis was the capital city of ancient Egypt during the Old Kingdom (c. 2575-c. 2130 BCE). Closely associated with the ancient city's site, 25 km south of Cairo, are the cemeteries, or necropolises, of Memphis, where the famous pyramids of Egypt and the Great Sphinx are located. From north to south, the main pyramid fields are: Abu Ruwaysh, Giza, Zawayet el-Aryan, Abu Sir, Saqqarah, and Dahshur. Memphis was founded around 3100 BCE, perhaps by the pharaoh Menes who united upper and lower Egypt for the first time. One of the greatest cities of the ancient world, it was filled with palaces, gardens, and temples. Apart from the royal pyramids and other tombs of its necropolises, much of it is permanently lost.

Pyramids of Giza

In late evening

Another view

Great Pyramid of Khufu

Other views ... 1




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Pyramids and Sphinx

The plateau of Giza. The Sphinx represents the pharaoh Khafre/Chephren

The Sphinx

Closer view of the Sphinx

Pyramid of Khafre

The pyramid of Khafre/Chephren in the background

Sound & Light show

In the voice of Omar Sharif

Inside the Great Pyramid

The passageway inside the Great Pyramid to the tomb chamber

Great Gallery

This is approximately the second half of the passage

Tunnel to the tomb

The narrowest and most claustrophobic part seen from the top

King's chamber

The tomb was broken into a long time ago.

Funerary Temple

This is the hypostyle hall of the funerary temple of Chephren (Khafre)


All that remains of Memphis is a museum on the site of the once great city

Ramses II at Memphis

Statue of Ramses II

Step pyramid of Zoser

A few miles from the pyramids of Giza

Step pyramid of Zoser

Represents an important early stage of pyramid construction

Saqqara pyramids

Other lesser pyramids of Saqqara, now scarcely more than mounds of rubble

Relief painting

Wall reliefs from the tomb of Akhethotep and Ptahhotep, royal officials during the reigns of Djedkare (2414-2375 BCE) and Unas at the end of the 5th dynasty.

Pyramid of Teti

The pyramid of sixth dynasty pharaoh Teti who reigned from 2345-2323 BCE


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